Issues and Concerns, A Cross Sectional Study among the Doctor Moms-Medical Conferences in Karnataka.
Working Mothers are now a visible part of the workforce in almost all professions. The working mother is an institution in her own right, one who combines a successful career giving her financial independence, with an effective motherhood raising a child. It is important to understand that both these jobs are extremely demanding, and to do justice to each without neglecting the other is a formidable task .The answer to whether work pays as far as parenting is concerned is believed to be complex. Along with motherhood, a successful career adds to the completeness of being a woman.In this study, we shall try to clarify the difficulties a working mother may have on functioning with such dual responsibility.
Aims and Objectives
- To assess the issues of a working mother in balancing work (employment) and Motherhood.
- To assess the concerns of working women with regards to child rearing and child development.
Materials and Methodology
- Study population: Lady Doctors with one or more kids ,
- Study design: Cross sectional Descriptive study
- A pre designed and pre tested structured questionnaire was sent to the doctors who were willing to participate in the study. The link to the online form containing the questionnaire was given to them and instructions to fill up the form was provided along with it. Completed forms were submitted online. The collected data was analysed using Microsoft Xl and SPSS software.
52.1% of the study participants were employed in private medical colleges. Majority(50%) of the study group were in the age group of 30-35 yrs.61.2% had one child where as 34% had 2 children.53% were from nuclear family 46.9% hailed from joint or three generation families. The social support for child rearing was parents (31.6%) and spouse (39%) for majority of the working women. Many women had faced issues like gender discrimination(48.2%),loss of promotion(12%), loss of pay(26%),frequent leaves due to sick child(68%),refusing better job opportunities (85.7%) due to motherhood .At the same time and many faced problems with child care due to employment like early weaning(62%),less maternity leave, time spent with child less than 4 hours in a day (41.8%).Majority of the study participants expressed concerns regarding child safety(56%), child nutrition(52%)and child development. Absence of child care center at work place was a major and common issue with 94.9% of the participants.
Conclusion: The working mother epitomizes modern womanhood. The major stresses of being a working mother remain lack of time, and a feeling of guilt, due to perceived neglect of the parenting role. It is possible to be a woman, a mother, and an achiever. Many have done it with help from society, and others have battled endless odds to prove the same. To enable this, the modern work environment needs to consider the special needs of this working population, changing its orientation from male dominance to gender neutrality and parenting friendly behavior which help the mother to fulfill the dual responsibilities of career and motherhood.
Working mothers, Women dual roles, Employment and mother hood.