Maternal Dietary Diversity and Risk of Low Birth Weight:
Empirical Findings from India-Pediatric Conference 2017
India accounts for the highest proportion of low birth weight(LBW) babies born in the developing world. Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy has been associated with adverse infant health outcomes, such as LBW. The aim of this paper was to assess the socio-economic factors influencing dietary diversity among pregnant women and to investigate the association between maternal dietary diversity and LBW among newborn babies.
Methods and MaterialsThe data for this analysis comes from a unique survey that we conducted among 230 newly delivered women in an urban hospital setting in Uttar Pradesh, the largest Indian state, which accounts for amongst the poorest maternal outcomes in India. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis points out low maternal education and economic status as being significant factors influencing the poor dietary diversity among pregnant women.
Result and ConclusionSpecifically, the prevalence ofpoormaternal dietary diversity was significantly less among the higher educated women (25%, CI: 23.7-26.3, p<0.05) compared to women with no education (41%, CI: 38.6- 43.2).The results also show that women in the category of low dietary diversity had a significantlyhigh proportion of LBW babies (68%, 63.0- 72.1) in comparison to those with medium to high dietary diversity (47%, 43.5-50.5, p < 0.05). The findings suggest for improving maternal dietary diversity to reduce LBW babies in India